One of the major problems in recent times that the whole world is dealing with is car accidents. Automobile industry has implemented various innovative technologies that help in reducing these accidents. First, seatbelts revolutionized auto safety and saved lives of many drivers as well as passengers. Then the air bags came that ensured complete avoidance of injuries. Many other safety measures are also employed in the cars, but none of them is completely successful. In this situation, we need a technology that can accurately judge the scenario of a crash and save people on board. Something efficient and fast is required that could prevent a collision, if the driver makes a dangerous mistake while driving. Even if any program embedded in the vehicle can warn about the vehicle’s instability or tell the driver about any obstacle in its path, the lives of a number of people could be saved.
How serious it is?
Every year more than six billion auto accidents happen in US and financial cost of all these accidents crosses $230 billion. Around 43, 000 people die every year and around three million are injured. About 115 die every day in US, which means one death in every thirteen minutes. According to WHO, 3,000 people die every year due to car crashes. In less developed countries, car accidents are one of the most significant causes of deaths and injuries. These numbers increase or decrease every year, but the average remains the same. Most of these accidents are result of excessive speed. An accident not only costs the life of driver and passengers inside the vehicle, but also injures and kills nearby pedestrians. This is the reason why we require a solid change in the current safety methods that comes with the cars and other vehicles.
We need technologies in every aspect of our lives, in fact, we are surrounded by it, and there is no reason why we should not include the same in cars. They are already present inside our cars in the shape of built in televisions, music systems and many other states of entertainments, but the requirement is to employ those in safety features. It is already calculated by many engineers that a number of accident can be prevented with effective crash avoidance technologies.
According to Automobile industry, these technologies will decide the future of car safety. As a result, automakers and designers are constantly working on new opportunities to avoid crashes due to driver’s inattention and mistakes. They are also researching on programs that can protect fatal collision and imbalance of vehicle. These life savers will soon be a part of cars, trucks and other vehicles on the road. Some of them are already released with most of the automobiles including drug and alcohol locks, speed limiting tools, car-to-car communication systems, advanced telematics, point-to-point speed cameras, advanced air bags, collision avoidance and much more.
Nobody buys a car to die or to suffer from injuries but for comfort and safety. Most of the automobiles come with satisfactory safety measures, but even after that, accidents happen all around the world. Most of the people receive severe injuries and others even die, leaving their families devastated. This is the reason why engineers in automobile industry are developing technologies that will be one of the standard parts of cars, trucks and other vehicles in future.
What others are saying
If the system calculates that there is not enough time to brake and that a crash with an object is imminent, the PCS takes control of the steering wheel and guides it around the object.
Head of Technical Research & Innovation at Auto glass, Dr Chris Davies, says:
Manufacturers are already working on assistance technologies such as collision avoidance systems, lane departure systems and sign recognition. We believe that within 10 years car manufacturers will have completely revolutionized the function of the car windscreen.
Daimler Engineering Executive, Prof. Bharat Balasubramanian says:
With future driver assistance systems, we will be able to address even more complex traffic situations and therefore ease the dangers of further accident hot spots – like intersections.
1. Steering technology would turn car before crash
Toyota is developing a next generation crash-avoidance technology referred as Pre Collision System (PCS) with collision-avoidance assist, which uses millimeter-wave radars and stereo camera around the vehicle to identify objects in its path and steering it out of that way. The Japanese manufacturer denied commenting on the release of this feature with any commercial mode, but they hinted that it would be offered soon.
2. Auto glass envisions the windshield of 2020
Auto glass is working on a windshield that will warn about pedestrians/cyclists in front of the vehicle. It will ring an alarm when there is a speed camera nearby, will hunt a gas station and will also show arrow points towards the destination. Apart from that, it would display speed, music player and fuel. The windshield with this innovative technology will be available in market by 2020.
3. GM’s New Technology Could Potentially Prevent Car Crashes
At Intelligent Transport Systems, GP showed a new vehicle-to-vehicle communication system, Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) on smartphones and other portable devices that would allow cyclists, pedestrians and cars to communicate with each other within a quarter of mile. According to the automaker, this will help to cut down the road accidents by 81 per cent. This program will transmit information about slippery roads, upcoming stop signs, stalled vehicles, etc.
4. BMW’s driver assistance technology
Engineers at BMW are developing advanced automated driver assistance systems to protect the vehicle and its passengers while the driver tries to attempt a left cut. The technology contains three laser scanners, GPS and a video camera. When the system senses that the car is making an unsafe left turn, it automatically slams on the brakes and alarms the driver accompanied by flashing signals.
5. Mercedes automated driving technology
Mercedes is developing automatic driving systems to create better driver assists for their cars. According to the manufacturer, this system will keep engineers away from dangerous accidents as well as experiments and the results are reproducible.